West Mural Tower Auckland Castle


S&CC worked with Doonan Architects and the Auckland Castle Trust to fully repair and renovate this isolated medieval tower. Emergency works were needed and a sensitive design to bring back the ruin for future use.

Auckland Castle was once part of the private residence of the Prince Bishops of Durham. It is now one of the best preserved bishops’ palaces in the whole of Europe

Barn and Loft Conversions

Sometimes structural works are not necessary and we can justify using the existing fabric.


 Loft conversions impose additional loads on buildings, and often re-distribute the weight of the roof. Structural calculations are usually required by building control.  


Grade II Listed Building, Osmotherley. Several cracks of up to 60mm wide in the garage attached to the house were originally thought to indicate settlement. A structural inspection found that three walls were being pushed outwards by the hipped gable. Previous extensive repairs which had even included a new roof had failed to address the root of the problem.


Typical redundant farm buildings. We usually provide a general report that can be used  for planning, followed by detailed design for structural aspects of the conversions. 









Conversion of this barn required structural input to limit the extent of repairs. The roof had spread at eaves level which necessitated some demolition of the walls, to the concern of the Planning Authority. Additional ‘A’ frame roof trusses were installed to add rigidity without compromising head room. 




Middleton Lodge Dovecote

The Dovecote project involved the adaption of a set of town outbuildings into first class hotel & wedding accommodation. Roofs and floors were upgraded and a number of walls were rebuilt and strengthened to allow the redevelopment to go ahead.


Oak Structures

There are few people in the UK who are qualified to grade hardwoods, yet Structural & Civil Consultants has a Certified Grader who is also a senior Structural Engineer.  There are advantages in having timber officially graded, but timber can be employed to its optimum if members can 

be specifically graded for a particular use, even if that lies outside the scope of the British Standards.



The Conservation Officer was keen to preserve the existing floor of a Listed Building yet the client wanted to use both the upper and lower floor as a wine bar with associated commercial loading.  Green oak beams were used to provide additional support to the original floor and detailing allowed for subsequent shrinkage.                                                                                                                  


The design for a suspended café floor in Masham allowed for shrinkage in 250mm deep green oak beams with a design based on the Medieval techniques that do away with joists.  Oak floorboards on ply were laid over the oak beams at 1m centres.  This approach cost a fraction of the original concept that had priced oak flooring sat on precast concrete deck units.

The practice often designs timber trusses with spans up to 6m.  While the Victorians often used king post trusses to allow slim softwood to be used, we often use chunky oak members for aesthetic and practical reasons.  This reduces stresses at joints and allows for easier detailing of mortice and tennon connections.  Where members are constructed of green oak there are also advantages of returning to the earlier simple forms that have no internal diagonal truss members that would be susceptible to distress as the timber shrinks.


Howgrave Hall Slurry Lagoon, Sinderby

Structural & Civil Consultants were called upon to:

• Carry out an inspection & review the existing civil engineering design, ensuring the stability of the slopes.

• Make recommendations to improve the slope where required.

Fishpond Wood

Structural & Civil Consultants were appointed by Harrogate Borough Council to provide a condition report for the dam at Fishpond Wood, Bewerley, Niderdale. This C18th dam & the surrounding site is of great natural environment interest. Investigations involved:

•Geotechnical investigations

•A historical assessment

•Tree surveys

Following the investigations S&CC made various recommendations on how the adequacy of the dam could be improved and maintained.



Leyburn Slurry Lagoon

Structural & Civil Consultants were tasked with reviewing:

The existing layout and construction of the lagoon

The potential flood risk

The manner of operation




Meik's Lighthouse

The lighthouse was constructed in 1856 on the south breakwater to protect the expanding port of Sunderland. It was designed by Thomas Meik, a prominent figure involved in the development of the ports and railways in the north. The lighthouse was moved to its current location in Roker Cliff Park after works to partly dismantle the south pier in 1983.

The lighthouse is a significant and much loved local landmark.

S&CC Ltd were involved in the regeneration of the heritage structure. Repairs involved:

                          • Adding support brackets to the intricate spiral staircase. Which was designed to be compatible with the existing structure but identifiable as a modern intervention.
                          • New floor plates and ladders to allow access for maintenance and visitors.
                          • Paint finishes and materials designed to protect new and existing elements against the harsh marine environment and bimetallic corrosion,

 Award Winning- IStructE, Northern Counties Regional Awards 2017



Whitehaven Lighthouse 

Inspection and assessment of Grade II Listed West Pier Lighthouse. Proposed remedial works include removal of the failed paint system and surplus rust on the cast iron lantern. A new protective coating will be applied.
















Roker Pier 

The Practice has undertaken the inspection of many sea walls. We were appointed by Sunderland Council to inspect Roker pier and put together a maintenance plan as part of a scheme to repair and restore the Grade II listed pier, together with the lighthouse and connecting tunnel.

Roker pier and lighthouse together provide an excellent example of a large-scale Victorian engineering project.

Award winning- 













Beck Hole Mine Tramway

Conservation of historic structures can involve technically challenging engineering that requires forensic diagnosis and innovative solutions. This was particularly the case to stabilise an Elizabethan timber extension on a medieval stone gatehouse.

S&CC was part of a major scheme for the North York Moors National Park Authority in 2017. S&CC were involved in the conservation works for the mine and an old bridge pier in particular.

S&CC outlined simple solutions for the pier and devised anti-scour measures that allowed works to be carried out by in-house staff and volunteers.

Red Scar Lead Mine, Appletreewick

Working alongside architects, Spence and Dower for the Yorkshire Dales National Park Authority. S&CC were responsible for the structural report outlining the required consolidation works.

After a site investigation S&CC concluded that the site was unusual as ground movement was not an issue. The distress in the structure was a result of deterioration in the upper structures of the mine.

Prosperous Lead Mine

Prosperous Lead Mine is an 18th century lead processing complex in the Upper Nidderdale.

S&CC were responsible for the recommendation of works that were needed. Such as the capping of the existing mine shafts, this was seen as a crucial element of the project as one of the shafts was five meters away from a public footpath.

Kelm Lime Kilm

S&CC were involved in the preparation of drawings based on rectified photographs for repairs and consolidation of Keld Lime Kiln, swaderdale. S&CC were employed by Yorkshire Dales National Park Authority.

Saltom Pithead (Scheduled Monument)

Saltom Pithead is a group of engine houses built in the 18th century near Whitehaven, Cumbria. The engine houses were part of one of the most innovative mines in the UK.

S&CC issued a report evaluating the recent ground movement at the site which had caused the cap for the mine shaft to crack. S&CC had concluded that it was more of a necessity that the adjacent sea wall was consolidated rather than the building itself.

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